Ancient Greece The National and Archaeological museum in Athens

The National and Archaeological Museum

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The National and Archaeological Museum hosts the most ancient exhibits in Greece. More specifically it is about a collection of ancient items from the period of Prehistory to Late Antiquity. In addition a neoclassical building houses the museum. Firstly L. Lange designed it. Chronologically Ernst Ziller follows of him as a key designer of the museum.

goddess Athena statue

The National and Archaeological Museum in Athens gallery

The exhibition of the artifacts includes five collections: The Collection of Prehistoric Antiquities houses findings came from Aegean. Beautifully do these antiquities adorn the museum. Chronologically are from the 7th millennium BC to 1050 BC. Also they originate from mainland Greece and Troy. Furthermore some important artifacts are ancient jewelers. These jewelers are coming from the royal tombs in Greek ancient Mycenae. Also they originate from the Cycladic marble figurines and wall paintings such as the frescoe of spring of Thera.

Ancient Greece Poseidon The National and Archaeological Museum in Athens
God Poseidon King of the sea, Ancient Greece

The Sculpture Collection includes artifacts transferred to the Archaeological Museum from other museums. Furthermore there was an addition of findings to the collection due to the excavations.Significant is the contribution of the Archaeological Society of Athens (1884 - 1893). The sculptures came from sanctuaries and cemeteries in the mainland of Greece. In addition they originate from the Aegean islands and from other regions of Greece.

Odysseus Ancient Greece The National and Archaeological Museum in Athens

The National and Archaeological Museum exhibits

The Bronze Collection reflects the development of metalworking . Some of the exhibits are metal figurines, bronze objects and vases. Excavations uncovered findings at approximately the beginning of the 20th century. The collection was also enriched after the donation of the politician Karapanos (1902)  and the doctor K.Lambros (1899), who donated medical tools.

Generously the politician Karapanos (1902) provided a donation to the collection. Similarly Karapanos the doctor K.Lambros (1899) donated medical tools to it. The Vases and Minor Arts Collection includes ancient potters came from the famous potters of Attic, Boeotian and other cities, Ionic and islands.


Such artifacts that came from sanctuaries originate from Sounio in Attica. The Collection of Stathatos and Vlastos - Serpieris includes minor objects. It also includes glass vases, figurines, vessels and jewelry. On the other hand the Egyptian Collection hosts rare artifacts. Moreover Ioannis Dimitriou and Alexandros Rostovitch donated to the collection.

Goddess Artemis

Afterwards the Greek Archaeological Society, the Egyptian government and findings from excavations also donated to the collection. The Cypriot Collection houses artifacts from different parts of the Greek history. More specifically ages start from the Early Bronze Age (approximately 2500 BC) to the Roman times (4th century AD). The collection was  also enriched owned to purchases from the Archaeological Society and donations.

https://www.namuseum.gr/en/

44 Patission , Athens, 2132144800

Opening hours until March 31st 2017: Monday from 13.00- 20.00 and from Tuesday to Sunday from 09.00- 16.00.

General admission ticket: full €15, reduced €8

How to get there?

By using the metro system or ISAP : station Omonia or Victoria

By Bus: B5, A6, B6, E6, A7, B7, E7, A8, B8, A12, B12, Γ12, E12, 022, 035, 046, 060, 200, 224, 605, 608, 622

Trolleybus: 2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,11,13,14

lycabettus hill

Lycabettus hill

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Athens Center

Lycabettus hill is one of the most significant and renowned tourist attractions in Athens. More specifically it is 277 meters above the sea level. Furthermore it offers a unique panoramic view to the visitor. According to the ancient myth its name originates from the fact that the area was the refuge of wolves. In particular the name comes from the Greek word Lycos (wolf in English).

Lycabettus hill restaurant

On the top of the Lycabettus there is café and restaurant. There you can enjoy your drinks and dishes. Impressively the whole of Athens lies  under your feet. Additionally you can visit the chapel of Saint George. Moreover Lycabettus hill is accessible via car and on foot via path (a little bit tiring activity)....

On the other hand you can reach the top of the hill via teleferic. The teleferik of Lycabettus hill was inaugurated in 1965 and it transports 300.000 passengers every year.

Lycabettus hill teleferik

The start of the teleferik is at the end of the street Aristippou which is in kolonaki. The closest metro station is at Evangelismos. The cost of the ticket is 7 Euros per passenger with ascend and descent included. Also the ticket include a discount for the restaurant of Lycabettus. Daily the schedules are executed and in a 365 days basis from 09.00 am to 1.30 am. During the winter period transportation may stop before 1.30 am.

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things to do in Athens, Parthenon Acropolis Greece

Parthenon

Posted Leave a commentPosted in Acropolis Complex, Athens Archaeological Sites

The construction of Parthenon

Parthenon 's construction took place at approximately 490 BC after the victorious battle of Greeks in Marathon. It belongs to the Acropolis complex. In addition ancient Greeks built the Periclean Parthenon on the top of the ruins of an earlier temple. The purpose of this construction was to declare the glory of Athens to the whole world. Moreover the monument was dedicated to goddess Athena. She was the patron of the city.

Parthenon stands on the top of the Acropolis hill since thousands of years. It is about a unique monument that adorns the Greek culture. Moreover it magnetizes the interest of the visitors because of its uinique architecture. In particular Ictinus and Kallikrates were the architects who designed it. Impressively the monument combines the doric order with the ionic one. The pentelic marble is the main material of the temple. Phidias sculptured the chryselephantine statue of Athena. The position of this statue was in the interior of the main temple.

The inner cella (or opisthodromos) was based on six columns. The cella consisted of two rooms. More specifically the smaller one accomodated the city’s treasury. On the other hand the larger room hosted the golden statue of Athena. Greek mythology was the subject of the sculpture Metopes at the exterior of the temple. Such representations of the Greek Mythology were the Olympian gods fighting against giants and Theseus fighting against Amazons.

Changes

In 529 BC the monument became a church. Then during the Turkish occupation it became a mosque. Afterwards in 1687 CE Turks used it as powderkeg. The Venetian army and Morozini who fighted against Turks throw a sell body to the monument which was bombarded. In 1801 Lord Elgin took away much of the sculptural decoration of Acropolis and sold it to the British government. The British Museum houses the artifacts since today.

things to do in Athens, Acropolis of Athens

Acropolis

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Acropolis Global Monument

The name of Acropolis originates from greek words akro and polis. Akro means highest point and polis means city. More specifically ancient Greeks built Acropolis on a rocky hill. In addition the general and also statesman of Athens Pericles hired great architects to built it. Therefore he hired Kallikrates, Iktinos and the sculptor Phidias. In particular Phidias sculptured the gold statue of Athena.

Historical Information of Acropolis

Impressively the statue stood at the Parthenon near the smaller temple of Athena. Initially there was already a built on the hill. Unfortunately Persians ruined the temple of Athena in 480 BCE. After the defeat of Persians at the battle of Salamis (480 BCE) started the new construction of the monument. Moreover the periclean monument declared the glory of Athens to the world. Also it gave honour to the goddess of Athena, who was the patron of the city. Additionally the buildings that are visible today are the Parthenon, the Propylaea, the Erechtheion and the temple of Athena Nike.

Acropolis of Athens Ancient Greece
ancient Athens Acropolis Greece

Cultural activities

In antiquity every four years took place the festival of Panathenaia in Athens. More specifically a procession traveled from the Panathenaic way and ended to the Acropolis. During the festival's activities, ancient Greek customs arised. Such customs were the decoration of goddess Athena. Ancient Greek used to dress either the statue of Athena Polias or the statue of Athena Parthenos. More specifically ancient Athenians dressed those statues with a robe of woven wool (peplos).

Changes to the Acropolis

Unfortunately the monument suffered from human intervention. After the rise of Christianity, the Parthenon and the Erechtheion became churches. Furthermore the temple of Athena Nike became a chapel and the Propylaea an episcopal residence. Afterwards in the epoche under the Frankish rule Acropolis became a residence.

The history of the monument through Ages

Then during the Turkish occupation Acropolis became a Muslim worship center. In addition Parthenon became a mosque. Parthenon used to be the garrison of Turks’ headquarters. It was bombarded when Venetians and Morozini shoot to dislodge Turks from Greece. After the Turkish approval, Lord Elgin looted historical parts of Acropolis. In Particular he damaged the sculptural decoration of the Parthenon, the temple of Athena Nike and the Erechtheion. Moreover the British Museum houses the stolen exhibits since 1816. In 1975, a restoration plan began which is still in progress.

Sources: | https://el.wikipedia.org | https://www.ancient.eu |

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The Peace & Friendship Stadium in Neo Faliro of Athens in Greece

Neo Faliro

Posted 2 CommentsPosted in Athens South Suburbs

Neo Faliro is one of the most famous and central districts of the Municipallity of Piraeus.  Exactly beside the sea a there is a giant park. Moreover the park accommodates wonderful and state of the art premises of Basketball and Football stadium. Daily the electric train station of Neo Faliro services thousands of passengers.

 

Georgios Karaiskakis football stadium

The new stadium of Georgios Karaiskakis is the home of the Greek Football National Team. It is about a beautiful and modern stadium with total capacity of 34000 spectators. Its construction took place in 2004 for the purpose of organizing the Olympic Games in Athens. In addition it replaced the old legendary stadium of Karaiskakis which was built in 1925 and demolished in 2000. Moreover Karaiskaki stadium is also the home of one of the top football teams in Greece that of Olympiakos Piraeus. Throughout the years the stadium has hosted very important domestic and international events such as football and athletics.

Sef Stadium Olympiacos Basketball Team
Peace & Friendship Stadium Neo Faliro Piraeus. South Suburbs Athens Piraeus Attica. Olympiacos Basketball team.

The legendary Piece and Friendship Stadium

The Peace and Friendship stadium is opposite to the Karaiskaki stadium and near to the sea. Alternatively its sort name is SEF (abbreviation in Greek). Magnificently it highligts the whole area with its unique architecture and style. It is the home of the historic Basketball team of Olympiacos Piraeus. Exactly here in this stadium Olympiacos Basketball Team managed to become one of the most powerful Teams in Europe. In particular the team of Olympiacos has won several Greek and European Championships.

During the latest years SEF accommodated great matches and athletic events from top sports. Such sports were from Basketball, Volleyball, Motocross and athletics. Also the great accoustics of the stadium enhance its unique atmosphaire and fascinate the visitor. All of these years special and unique international commercial exhibitions took place in SEF stadium. Morover several top domestic and international concerts, as well as music festivals and cultural events take place here.

Peace & Friendship Stadium in Neo Faliro Olympiacos Piraeus Basketball Field

A few meters besides the electric station of Neo Faliro stands the Monument of Georgios Karaiskakis. More specifically Georgios Karaiskakis is a great historic figure and Hero of the Hellenic Nation. Exactly because of his leadership against the war of the Greeks against the Turkish rule. During the Greek revolution of the Greek Army against the Turks he was the great General of the Greek Army. Succesfully he lead the Greek Nation to the liberation. Definitely his figure is one of the most important ones within the Greek history.

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