The construction of Parthenon Acropolis Athens took place at approximately 490 BC after the victorious battle of Greeks in Marathon. It belongs to the Acropolis complex. In addition ancient Greeks built the Periclean Parthenon on the top of the ruins of an earlier temple. The purpose of this construction was to declare the glory of Athens to the whole world. Moreover the monument was dedicated to goddess Athena, who was the patron of the city. In particular Ictinus and Kallikrates were the architects who designed it.
Impressively the monument combines the doric order with the ionic one. The pentelic marble is the main material of the temple. Phidias sculptured the chryselephantine statue of Athena. The position of this statue was in the interior of the main temple. The inner cella (or opisthodromos) was based on six columns. The cella consisted of two rooms. More specifically the smaller one accomodated the city’s treasury. On the other hand the larger room hosted the golden statue of Athena.
Greek mythology was the subject of the sculpture Metopes at the exterior of the temple. Such representations of the Greek Mythology were the Olympian gods fighting against giants and Theseus fighting against Amazons. Furthermore the frieze all around the sides of the building has its roots from the Panathenaic procession. Ancient Athenians used to dress Athena's statue in Erechtheion with a woven robe (peplos) during Panathenaia games. Yet the pediments depict mythology figures such as the concurrence of Athena and Poseidon for the sovereignty of the city.
Changes to Parthenon Acropolis Athens
In 529 BC the monument of Parthenon Acropolis Athens became a church. Then during the Turkish occupation it became a mosque. Afterwards in 1687 CE Turks used it as powderkeg. The Venetian army and Morozini who fighted against Turks throw a sell body to the monument which was bombarded. In 1801 Lord Elgin took away much of the sculptural decoration of Acropolis and sold it to the British government. The British Museum houses the artifacts since today.