The construction of Parthenon
Parthenon 's construction took place at approximately 490 BC after the victorious battle of Greeks in Marathon. It belongs to the Acropolis complex. In addition ancient Greeks built the Periclean Parthenon on the top of the ruins of an earlier temple. The purpose of this construction was to declare the glory of Athens to the whole world. Moreover the monument was dedicated to goddess Athena. She was the patron of the city.
Parthenon stands on the top of the Acropolis hill since thousands of years. It is about a unique monument that adorns the Greek culture. Moreover it magnetizes the interest of the visitors because of its uinique architecture. In particular Ictinus and Kallikrates were the architects who designed it. Impressively the monument combines the doric order with the ionic one. The pentelic marble is the main material of the temple. Phidias sculptured the chryselephantine statue of Athena. The position of this statue was in the interior of the main temple.
The inner cella (or opisthodromos) was based on six columns. The cella consisted of two rooms. More specifically the smaller one accomodated the city’s treasury. On the other hand the larger room hosted the golden statue of Athena. Greek mythology was the subject of the sculpture Metopes at the exterior of the temple. Such representations of the Greek Mythology were the Olympian gods fighting against giants and Theseus fighting against Amazons.
In 529 BC the monument became a church. Then during the Turkish occupation it became a mosque. Afterwards in 1687 CE Turks used it as powderkeg. The Venetian army and Morozini who fighted against Turks throw a sell body to the monument which was bombarded. In 1801 Lord Elgin took away much of the sculptural decoration of Acropolis and sold it to the British government. The British Museum houses the artifacts since today.