Syntagma square is the center of the Greek policy and commercial activity. It is located in front of the 19 th century Old Royal Palace, housing the Greek Parliament since 1934. The square is bordered by the avenue of Leoforos Amalias to the east, Othonos to the south and Vasileos Georgiou Protou to the north. The hotels “ King George”, “Grande Bretagne”, “ Athens Plaza” are on Vasileos Georgiou Protou street. Syntagma consist a green place where the visitor should relax under the shade of the trees. In the center of the square there is a large water fountain.
What was the first name of the square and how did the name originate from ?
The square was named “ Palace square”as it was in front of King Otto’s Palace. In 1834, when Otto declared Athens as a capital the square was constructed. The king Otto demanded that the buildings constructed around the palace have the same aesthetic. Immediately after the rise of the palace wealthy Athenians built their houses around the palace so as to be near the king. Luxurious buildings raised such as the houses of Skouloudi and Vourou- the current King George and “ Athens Plaza” respectively as well as the hotel “ Xenon” to Filellinon street.
Why the square was renamed Syntagma?
The square was renamed Syntagma due to the revolution on September 3 of 1843. That day the guard of Athens with his chief Dimitrios Kallergis came together in front of the royal palace demanding the establishment of constitution. A number of people with his leader Ioannis Makrygiannis arrived shouting “ Long live the Constitution”. The common request of the people and the army obliged the king Otto to convene the National Assembly and guarantee the first constitution of Greece.
About the most modern facts which took place to the square
In 2010 and 2012 ‘’ Syntagma Square” the movement of ‘’ Indignatos” demonstrated against the policy of the Greek government and European Union. The economy was in fall while the unemployment rates were on a rise. The Greek government was obliged to be transformed and a ‘’ Unity Government” was formed.
Metro: line 2 and 3, stop Syntagma
Tram: stop Syntagma
Buses: 040 (24 hours service from Monday to Sunday) , X14 ( 24 hours service on Saturday and Sunday), T4, T5, T3, X95 ( line Syntagma to Athens Airport, 24 hours service).