The temple of Athena Nike is on the southwest side of Acropolis monument. Moreover the completion of the construction took place in 420 BCE. In particular the architect Kallikrates designed the temple and replaced earlier ones. Firstly the temple was a wooden construction. Unfortunately Persians destroyed it.
Sculpture of the temple of Athena Nike Acropolis
Ancient Greeks built the temple encompassing the ionic order and using Pentelic marble. Its construction is amphiprostyle as it has columns at the front and back but not on the sides of cella.
Also the temple has four monolithic columns on each side and a small pronaos. In addition outside of the temple there was an altar where believers performed rituals.
The temple of Athena Nike houses the statue of Athena Nike without wings in order she never leaves from the city of Athens. The statue represents the victory of the Greeks against the Persians. The small pronaos had an epistyle and above of it there was a frieze. Furthermore the frieze depicted battle scenes between the Greeks and the Persians on three sides. Additionally the pediments depicted a Gigantomachy and an Amazonomachy.
Changes of the temple of Athena Nike Acropolis
The temple has suffered from human intervention. In the fifth century AD the temple became a Christian church. Afterwards in the 17th century, Turks demolished the temple and used its material in order to built fortifications walls. Therefore Turks protected themselves via the walls from Venetians and Morozini. The restoration of the temple began after the Greek War of Independence. Recently, a new restoration project ran out which is still in progress.
Image 3: Courtesy of Panegyrics of Granovetter via Flickr , licence CC BY-SA 2.0
Andress: Dionysiou Aeropagitou Acropolis Athens 10558