Thissio in Athens center attracts visitors because it offers a great opportunity for a stroll near historical sites. In addition Thissio magnetizes visitors for the terrific view of Acropolis hill and that of the temple of Hephaestus. Just off Adrianou street is the pedestrian Apostolou Pavlou street. Specifically Apostolou Pavlou street is the main road of Thissio. So if you walk from Thissio metro station towards Apostolou Pavlou street you will meet an open air market. Here vendors sell handmade jewelers, antiques and souvenirs. Moreover crossing the street you will meet Herakleidon pedestrian street which is full of cafeterias. As you cross the street away from Acropolis you will meet bohemian locales. In addition you will see traditional ouzo bars that serve local mezes.
Why the area was named Thissio?
Thissio took its name by the temple that exists in the area. Mistakenly Ancient Greeks named it as the temple of Theseus. In addition the accurate name was the temple of Hephaestus. Specifically Hephaestus was the patron god who protected the metal workers of the area. On the contrary Theseus was the mythical king of Athens who had gone to Crete to kill the minotaur. Moreover a statue of Theseus stands outside the Thissio Metro Station. In addition the church of Agioi Asomatoi is also near the metro station. It is one of the oldest churches in Athens.
Sightseeings on Herakleidon street
On 66 Herakleidon and Thessalonikis street you will meet the Melina Mercouri Cultural Center. More specifically on the first floor there is a reproduction of an Athenian street in the early 20th. The Haridimos shadow Puppet Museum-theater hosts a collection of puppets. Here performances of the traditional show Karagiozis take place. In addition the cultural center organizes lessons of figure - making every week.
On 16 Herakleidon Street you will meet the museum of Herakleidon.
In conclusion the museum bases its philosophy on Science, Art and Mathematics. Moreover the visitors have the opportunity to learn through interaction with exhibits. On the first floor the exhibition highlights the works of the French painter Victor Vasarely (1906-1997). The painter supported the “social art” that communicates with all social classes. Moreover he believed that art was not only a privilege of the elite. Respectively on the second floor there is the work of the Maurits Cornelis Escher. More specifically Mr Escher was a famous Dutch print maker and graphic artist (1898 - 1972). Additionally the interpretation of art in mathematical terms are the key characteristics of his art. The Museum Herakleidon involves art with the logic of mathematics.
Visit the Museum Gift Shop and buy souvenirs of contemporary art.
37 Apostolou Pavlou street , Thiseio, +30 2110126486,
Access: from the street level of Herakleidon
Pnyx Hill is a rocky hill surrounding Acropolis. It was the place where male citizens met each other to discuss on political issues and to vote (ekklesia). The born of the first form of democracy started on the Pnyx Hill.
About the history
Ancient Greeks probably constructed Pnyx A in the early 5th century. Then the area was a natural place where people sat on the hill. There was also a retaining wall to the north. Afterwards in the late 5th century took place the construction of Pnyx B. Nowadays it is preserved a part of the step terrace wall and also a stone platform. In addition the platform had stone steps leading to Bema where the orators could speak. Ancient Greeks rebuilt Pnyx C in the 4th century B.C. Male citizens met there and discussed on political issues and decided about war issues.
According to archaeologists part of the Pnyx used to be sanctuary of Zeus Hypsistos. In the 1st century BC , the assembly gathered in the theater of Dionysus where there was more space. Other findings of the excavations are the two large stoas. Stoas used to be shelters for the ancient Athenians. When the weather was bad people gathered there. Similarly the altar of Zeus Agoraios and the sanctuary of Zeus Hypsistos used to be also shelters.
Church of Saint Dimitrios the Bombardier
Between Pnyx Hill and Philopappos hill is the church of Saint Dimitrios the Bombardier. According to a truly tale in 25 October 1658, Yusuf Aga planned to attack to Athenians. More specifically Aga the commander of the Turkish garrison planned to bombard the church and the faithful. Eventually a thunderstorm broke out destroying the cannon before the plan of bombardation started.
Hill of the Nymphs
The National Observatory is on the hill of the Nymphs. Moreover the building hosts the Geo Astrophysics Museum, the library and the first optical telescope.
About the history
In 1842 the construction of the building began, because of the donation of George Sinas. More specifically Sinas was a wealthy man and ambassador of Greece in Vienna. The 16 cm meridian refracting telescope stands in a small building next to Sina building. Up until 1964 the telescope's use was about to calculate the official time of Greece.
Don’t miss to observe the Athenian sky by night with the Doridis telescope. Additionally there are evening group tours, therefore for reservations call 2103490160 or 2103490055.
Opening hours: from Monday to Friday from 9 am until 2 pm.
Entrance fee: 5 € for adults, 2,5 € for students
Train: station Thissio
Entrance: from “ Pnikos” or “ Otrineon” streets
The church of Agia Marina
According to mythology nymphs protected women in childbirth. That is why Christians consider Saint Marina as the protector of childbirth and pray for the health of children. An older church incorporated the church of Agia Marina. In the interior of the recent church visitors have the ability to admire art galleries. Such galleries are wall paintings and icons from the period of the 13th and 18th century.